PERICLES

Case region: Brittany

Adaptation strategy workshops

Entirely turned towards the sea, Brittany's maritime traditions are linked to various activities such as coastal fishing, and the merchant and national navy but also recreational as testifies the reconstruction of many traditional Breton sailboats. Breton landscapes and seascapes are also full of signs of past activities, evidence of the prehistoric human settlements in Brittany: standing stones, megaliths, cairns, etc. Within the Breton culture and its Celtic tradition, the tangible and intangible maritime heritage is vast and is subject to many risks mainly related to climate change (sea level rise, storms, erosion, etc.) and to the anthropic pressures (tourism activities, population renewal, economic development, diversification of activities, etc.). In Brittany the first actions towards the promotion of maritime heritage were initiated by local associations (groups) and were concerning mainly the “reconstruction of old boats”, organization of sailboats festivals (Brest), and then the buildings (lighthouses, harbours, etc.) showing the maritime life of Brittany. The knowhow of traditional maritime activities (construction of boats, fishers, shellfish farmers) as intangible heritage still under construction. The different actions for the recognition and classification of the coastal cultural heritage are based on citizen initiatives or action research results.

Demos

B.1 Climate change, coastal risks and CH  

B.2  Inventory and mapping of cultural heritage in the Gulf of Morbihan  

B.3 Preserving and promoting the heritage of Brittany seaweed tradition  

B.4 Tangible cultural heritage and landscape in land planning, urbanisation and marine spatial planning  

B.5 Social history of women in fisheries as a cultural heritage in Brittany 

What we do

B1 focuses mainly on the municipality of Locmariaquer in the Gulf of Morbihan, which has a rich maritime and coastal heritage (dikes, windmills, coastal paths, natural areas, Neolithic and Gallo-Roman remains, etc.). In this community the PNRGM has already realised the inventory the built heritage (tangible) and also produce maps of vulnerability to natural hazards in participatory approach. In consultation with the inhabitants, the objective of the DEMOS is to select two threatened sites according to their importance as heritage, emotional value as well environmental, in order to propose different collaborative scenarios for the management of this maritime heritage. The two selected sites should be located in the two different area of the municipality of Locmariaquer: one to the west of the municipality facing the Atlantic Ocean, and the second to the east of the municipality enclosed in the Gulf of Morbihan.

The objective of B3 is to trace the history of seaweed harvesting activity and the processing industry in collaboration with seaweed foot harvesters (association and working groups of professional fisher organisation) and processing industries. During last years, seaweed harvesters on foot concentrate their efforts to the recognition of this activity by the national fisheries law. Such recognition allows harvesters to manage their own activity. For the moment the “right do manage” seaweed resources is given informally. The promotion of these traditional activities as intangible cultural heritage would make possible the conservation of the resources, the continuation of this professional activity as well the preservation of Breton identity. This DEMO is mainly implemented in Finistère and partly in Côtes-d’Armor districts where harvesting and processing activities are found. In order to deeper understand the harvesting and the processing activities a bibliographic research work is undertaken at the departmental archives, as well as in the literature. This work will be complemented by a series of interviews which will provide information about the current situation.

The implementation of the DEMO B4 aims to analyse if the concepts of territory and landscape have been taken into account in the current management and planning instruments, focusing mainly on the territory of the Gulf of Morbihan. After the initial phase of identification of available tools, more in-depth interviews will be conducted with the public administrations responsible for implementation. The objective is to understand if CH is included or not in these documents. This is implemented through a master’s thesis in environmental law under the supervision of law professor involve in PERICLES. This assessment will allow the characterization of ideal of “sustainable governance” and to suggest recommendations for better integration of heritage into management and planning tools. The results of this work h will be presented at the regional workshop planned in autumn with regional and local stakeholders and administrations.

The objective of DEMO B5 is to highlight this women role of women and if possible to classify it as intangible cultural heritage in order to promote it among the younger generations. Raising awareness among citizens and stakeholders of the women invisible role played in fisheries and oyster farming will support the promotion of gender equality within these male dominated sectors. In addition, sharing of experiences between shellfish farmers’ women of good practices related to the diversification of activities will provide new material and information for them to improve their competences. Host tourist at shellfish farm is an activity providing complementary income but also of employment of the wives of oyster farmers. To achieve this objective, discussion groups and exchanges of experience between women shellfish farmers involved in tourism activities will be organised at regional level. These exchanges will help improve women skills and encourage other women to do so.

DEMOS B2 – Inventory and mapping of cultural heritage in the Gulf of Morbihan Inventaire du patrimoine bâti maritime du Golfe du Morbihan

Since 2016, the PNRGM has been involved in an inventory of maritime and coastal heritage having as objective its preservation. This inventory is implemented according to a rigorous methodology (protocol) developed and implemented by the Brittany region. 

The main objective of this approach is to extend the inventory of maritime heritage in 5 new municipalities located within the territory of the PNRGM while raising public awareness of heritage identification and promotion issues. These exchanges are contributing to initiate a reflection about available means to be implemented to preserve, promote and enhance the maritime and coastal heritage in a context of climate change, coastal retreat and risen human pressure (tourism, growing urbanization…).

 

This approach is therefore concentrated within the 5 municipalities selected by the PNRGM (Bono, Pluneret, Crach, Baden and Plougoumelen), to extend the previous inventory conducted in 12 municipalities. The inventory is carrying out in partnership with territorial authorities (region and municipalities) and citizens through the organisation of public meetings in the five concerned municipalities. The objective of these exchanges is to understand citizens’ perceptions of maritime and coastal culture heritage, but also to identify possible preservation problems and existing risks, whether natural (flooding, erosion, sea level rise, etc.) or anthropogenic (controlled destruction of built heritage, voluntary and involuntary degradation, etc.). The implementation of a participatory approach must make it possible to encourage citizen awareness in favour of the heritage.

 

The inventory field phase began at the end of April 2019 and ended at the end of September 2019. Public restitutions will be organised in each inventoried commune, starting in spring 2020, to exchange with the inhabitants on their maritime heritage. They will be an opportunity to continue to enrich knowledge and raise awareness among residents of the heritage, landscape and identity value of their heritage.

Inventory of maritime built heritage, conducted by Parc as part of DEMO B2.

Université de Bretagne Occidentale​
Université de Bretagne Occidentale​
Parc Naturel Régional du Golfe du Morbihan
Parc Naturel Régional du Golfe du Morbihan

Our team

Katia Frangoudes

WP4 LEAD

Nicole Roux

Irène Béguier

Morgane Dallic

Nicolas Boillet

Muriel Taillens

Contact us

Université de Bretagne Occidentale​

3 Rue des Archives

29238 Brest

France

Email: Katia.Frangoudes@univ-brest.fr

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